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Number 4 Meaning in the Bible

What is the meaning of the number 4 in the Bible?


The number four is mentioned many times in the Bible and has a great symbolic meaning.

We can find this number in important moments of the Old and New Testaments.

In this article, we will learn what the number four means in the Bible.

Meanings of the Number 4 in the Bible:

To understand the meaning of this number, we will consider verses from the Bible.

The four rivers of Paradisenumber 4 meaning in the bible

In Genesis 2:8, 10-14, we can find a description of the world where the number four is mentioned.

…The name of the third river is Hiddekel; it is the one which goes toward the east of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.

From the boundless expanses of the ocean, the Lord God brought life to the Earth (Genesis 1:2, 6, 9, 20, 21).

Flowing out of Eden, the cradle of earthly existence, a river arose, divided into four streams that fed the newborn lands.

Today, these rivers are known as the Pishon, Aras, Tigris, and Euphrates.

Over time, the geographical names have changed. Thus, the number four symbolizes the four rivers that fed the Earth and Eden.

Four Cardinal Directionsmeaning of number 4 in the bible

The four cardinal directions, namely north, south, west, and east, shape our understanding of space and orientation.

Sacred texts describing gathering people from all corners mention these four directions of the Earth.

All movements on Earth can be considered as passing along these four main directions.

The divisions between East and West, North and South, are apparent even among nations and cultures.

The Bible itself references the four cardinal directions or the four winds of the Earth.

Also He said to me, “Prophesy to the breath, prophesy, son of man, and say to the breath, ‘Thus says the Lord God: “Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe on these slain, that they may live.” (Ezekiel 37:9).

The Prophet Daniel and the Book of Revelation also mention the four winds symbolizing the all-encompassing nature of the Earth (Daniel 7:2; 8:8; Revelation 7:1).

The words about the four winds can also be found in the New Testament:

And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.” (Matthew 24:31)

In the context of these winds, the presence of four angels becomes apparent.

Not only do humans have their angels, but it’s also believed that even space is controlled by angelic beings. Thus, the invisible and visible spheres are wonderfully intertwined.

Hebrews 11:3 says, “By faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible.

Thus, the number four symbolizes not only the creation of the world but also the cardinal directions, which are under the protection of angels.

The Crosswhat does the number 4 mean in the bible

The cross symbolizes the unity of the four.

It serves as a symbol of the whole world.

Saint Ambrose of Milan said, “And the sky itself is located in the image of this sign, for, dividing into four sides: east, west, south and north, it is as if restrained by the four corners of the Cross.

Saint Jerome supported the same idea:

A person cannot turn to heaven with prayer except in the form of a cross, nor swim on water otherwise; the cross is a form common to all movements and to all living things; it is even the appearance of the world itself.” (Treatise on the Gospel of Mark)

That is why the number four symbolizes not only the creation of the world but also the world itself.

Four Cherubimhebrew meaning of 4

The presence of four cherubim creatures before the throne of God testifies to the existence of four elements in the world.

These cherubim, described by the prophet Ezekiel and John the Theologian, resemble a lion, a calf, a man, and an eagle (Revelation 4:7; Ezekiel 1:10).

Both prophets saw these heavenly beings in their visions, which testifies to the four-part nature of the structure of our world.

Revelation 4:7 describes the appearance of the four living creatures before the throne of God, each having a distinct form and representing different aspects associated with the evangelists:

The first living creature was like a lion, the second living creature like a calf, the third living creature had a face like a man, and the fourth living creature was like an eagle in flight.

Revelation 4:6 – “Before the throne was a sea of glass like crystal. And in the middle of the throne and around the throne were four living beings full of eyes in front and behind.

In this verse, the number four is used to show the completeness and wholeness of creation.

The four living beings represent various aspects of creation, and their presence around the throne signifies the integrity and harmony of God’s creation.

Ezekiel 1:10 – “As for the similarity of their faces, each of them had the face of a man; each of the four had the face of a lion on the right side, each of the four had the face of an ox on the left side, and each of the four had the face of an eagle.

This verse describes the four faces of living beings, which not only symbolize various aspects of creation but also go back to the four-part nature of God’s creation, showing its immensity, strength, intelligence, and impetuosity.

Four Evangelists4 meaning bible

According to this interpretation of the seventh verse in the Book of Revelation, the four “living creatures” are seen as symbolic representations of the four evangelists.

The lion, symbolizing strength, power, and greatness, is the symbol of the evangelist Mark, as his Gospel portrays Jesus predominantly as a king.

The calf, representing a sacrificial animal, is linked to the evangelist Luke because his Gospel shows Jesus as the sacrificial Lamb who gave Himself for the sins of the world.

The human face represents the evangelist Matthew, as his Gospel presents Jesus as the second Adam, coming in human flesh.

The eagle is attributed to the evangelist John, as his Gospel shows Jesus as the Son of God in perfect unity with the Father.

Our perception of space is structured according to the four cardinal directions, the same way the flow of time unfolds during four different seasons: spring, summer, autumn, and winter.

Thus, the cycle of life continues: the time of sowing and harvesting, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night (Genesis 8:22).

Symbolismwhat does 4 mean in the bible

In the Bible, the number 4 carries various symbolic meanings.

The number 4 represents the physical world and material creation. It is usually associated with the four elements: Earth, air, fire, and water, which symbolize the fullness and diversity of God’s creation.

The number 4 is also considered the number of completeness in the earthly kingdom.

This number shows the creation of the Earth, representing the totality of the world and its inhabitants.

The number can also mean the four seasons: spring, summer, autumn, winter, and the four cardinal directions: north, south, east, and west. This means the cyclical and orderly nature and the divine plan.

In the Book of Revelation, heavenly Jerusalem is described as a city with four sides and four gates, with each gate facing one of the four cardinal directions.

The number 4 symbolizes the heavenly dwelling and represents the eternal and perfect city of God, which is in complete harmony with the world.

The number four means universality, pointing to the four cardinal directions. As such, according to the Church Fathers, the Holy Scripture of the New Testament consists of 4 Gospels, which is a symbol of the conversion of Christian preaching to all nations located in the 4 ends of the world.

Genesis 1:19bible number 4

In Genesis 1:19, the verse says, “So the evening and the morning were the fourth day.”

This verse primarily describes the chronological sequence of the creation narrative, but we can also explore the symbolism of the number four in a broader biblical context.

The number four is typically linked with completeness or wholeness in various contexts and verses.

In the narrative of the creation of the world in the book of Genesis, the fourth day marks the creation of morning and evening.

That is, a full-fledged life began on the planet, caused by the creation of the sun, moon, and stars by God.

This may symbolize the fullness of creation, where God establishes luminaries that control day, night, and seasons.

The number four occurs hundreds of times in the Bible, so we will find the symbolism of this number by considering only some verses.

A few more examples of verses with the number four are listed below.

Zechariah 1:184 meaning in the bible

Zechariah 1:18 says: “Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and there were four horns.”

In this verse, the number four symbolizes the four forces that threaten God’s people.

These horns symbolize nations or kingdoms that have brought challenges and difficulties with them, and number four underlines the comprehensive nature of these threats.

The use of the number four underscores the magnitude of these threats.

This suggests that the influence or power of these nations isn’t limited to a specific time or place but covers a wide range.

It also means that these forces are pervasive and all-encompassing, affecting various aspects of people’s lives and challenging their faith. The mention that Zachariah raised his eyes and saw these horns means a revelation or insight into the spiritual sphere.

This shows that God has given Zachariah the ability to perceive the threats that his people face.

This vision serves as a warning to the Israelites to remain vigilant and steadfast in their faith and to seek God’s guidance and protection in the face of these trials.

In general, Zechariah 1:18 reminds readers that God is aware of the obstacles His people face and that He constantly watches over them and protects them.

This encourages believers to trust in God’s sovereignty and rely on His power in times of suffering.

Therefore, the number four means perfection not only in a positive, but also in a negative context. In this verse, the Jewish people were threatened by four strong threats that were ideal in their essence.

Ezekiel 10:9what does the number 4 mean biblically

Ezekiel 10:9 says:

And when I looked, there were four wheels by the cherubim, one wheel by one cherub and another wheel by each other cherub; the wheels appeared to have the color of a beryl stone.

The presence of four wheels in cherubim can symbolize the complete and orderly movement of the divine presence of God in the physical world.

The wheels are located next to each cherub, which shows their connection with divine beings, and they are described as having the appearance of a beryl stone, which can be considered the personification of divine radiance and glory.

In general, the mention of the four wheels in this verse supports the idea of God’s sovereignty and control over the physical kingdom, as well as the harmonious functioning of His divine presence in the material world.

Final Thoughtsbiblical meaning of the number 4

It can be concluded that the number four is strongly connected with the creation of the earthly world, as well as with the perfection that God creates or that arises in the form of a test.

The number four also refers us to many details of earthly life, such as the cardinal directions and seasons.

This number is mentioned repeatedly in the context of God’s creation of the Earth.

It is because of this symbolism that the number four appears in the description of angels and divine beings.

The Four also often refers us to the four apostles and their Gospels.


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